MSBS in Physician Assistant Studies
The University of Toledo (UToledo) Physician Assistant (PA) Program is a graduate entry-level professional course of study enabling individuals who hold baccalaureate degrees to become PAs. The program is designed to prepare graduates for primary care practice with emphasis placed on both service to medically under-served populations and the team approach to the delivery of healthcare. The program integrates graduate level critical thinking and analysis, problem solving, scientific inquiry, self-directed learning and the effective use of modern technology for professional practice that includes elements of research, leadership, education and continued professionalization of the physician assistant occupation.
The Physician Assistant Program will admit students each Fall Semester (August of each year) only. The application cycle opens in May of the year prior to enrollment and closes October 1 of the year prior to enrollment.
Early submission of online CASPA and online UToledo Supplemental Application / PA Prerequisite Form is encouraged. Interviews will be conducted starting in September and go through December. We are now offering rolling admissions.
To be considered for the Physician Assistant Program, candidates must comply with all of the following:
1. Completion of all admission requirements to CASPA (CASPA link) by OCTOBER 1. CASPA applications must have a complete date on or before the deadline date. A complete date is given when an application is e-submitted, at least two letters of recommendations are completed, and all transcripts and payments have been received by CASPA and attached to the application. Documents should be sent several weeks prior to this date to ensure items arrive on time. Please note: CASPA requires two letters of recommendation before your CASPA application will be considered complete, however, the program requires applicants to have a minimum of three letters of recommendation before your application will be reviewed.
CASPA applications must include:
- Completed and submitted application form
- CASPA application fee paid
- At least three letters of recommendation submitted
- Verified transcripts for all colleges/universities attended
- Seven of the prerequisite courses must be completed by the end of the fall semester. Only three courses are allowed to be in progress at the time of interviews.
2. Applicants to the UToledo PA Program must be citizens of the United States or have permanent resident status (permanent residency "green" card). If applying as a permanent resident, an applicant must be a permanent resident at the time of application and will be required to submit a photocopy of the front and back of their permanent resident card.
- Applicants who have completed any of their previous undergraduate or graduate training internationally must fulfill the requirements of the UToledo College of Graduate Studies for international students, which are available for viewing here.
- The UToledo PA Program requires applicants to provide foreign transcript evaluation from one of the accepted credential evaluation agencies: ECE or WES. The evaluation will be at the applicant's expense.
- In addition to the requirement for regular admission, all students from non-English speaking countries must achieve satisfactory scores on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) (unless the international applicant has graduated from a US accredited college or university).
- All international applicants must demonstrate that they have adequate financial resources for their graduate education before they can be admitted.
- The TOEFL score requirements and a copy of the financial statement form are available for viewing here.
3. Completion of the UToledo Supplemental Application and UToledo PA Prerequisite Form by OCTOBER 1st.
The UToledo PA Prerequisite Form is available as part of the UToledo College of Graduate Studies Supplemental Application, the link is available on the top of this webpage. When filling out the UToledo Supplemental Application, be sure to click on the link to complete the UToledo PA Prerequisite Form. Please note that The University of Toledo Supplemental Application includes a fee of $45.00. The UToledo Supplemental Application, accompanying UToledo PA Prerequisite Form and fee must be submitted by October 1.
4. Applicants must have earned at least a Bachelor level degree with a cumulative 3.40 grade point average and a 3.40 science grade point average. For those accepted into the UToledo PA program and entering in August, the Bachelor level degree must be completed by June 15th.
5. All applicants are required to take the GRE. Official scores are required to be submitted electronically directly from ETS to the University, copies will not be accepted. The school code for UToledo is 1845. Test scores cannot be older than 5 years from the first day of the term that student begins the program.
6. Any of the following will eliminate a candidate for admission into the UToledo PA program.
- Attending more than four colleges/universities
- GRE scores less than 290
- Repeating more than two prerequisite courses
- Unsuccessful completion of the same prerequisite course twice
You must have the listed credit hours for all of the prerequisite courses. There are no exceptions to this rule and a waiver will not be offered for any of the prerequisite courses for any applicant.
The following minimum prerequisites must be completed with a grade of "B-" or better:
1. Human Anatomy and Physiology: 6 semester credit hours
> May be taken as Human Anatomy & Physiology I and Human Anatomy & Physiology II or as separate Human Anatomy and Human Physiology Courses
> If you take a 5 credit hour Human Anatomy and Physiology course, you will be required to take a combined Human Anatomy & Physiology course or a separate Human Anatomy and Human Physiology course to meet the requirement
> Taking a lab or labs with these courses is strongly recommended
2. Inorganic Chemistry or General Chemistry with Lab
> Course must be 3 credit hours with an additional credit hour for the lab
3. Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry with Lab
> Course must be 3 credit hours with an additional credit hour for the lab
> May be taken as a combined Organic/Biochemistry course with a lab
4. Microbiology with Lab
> Course must be 3 credit hours with an additional credit hour for the lab
> Microbiology course must be taken through the Biology Department
5. Psychology: 6 semester credit hours
> Introductory Psychology and Lifespan Psychology are highly recommended
> Psychology courses must be taken through the Psychology Department
> We will not accept a Psychological Statistics course for the requirement
6. Genetics: 3 semester credit hours
7. College Algebra, Statistics, or any Higher Mathematics: 3 semester credit hours
8. Medical Terminology: 1 semester credit hour
> There must be a letter grade assigned to this course and listed on the transcript.
> Candidates may instead choose to take and pass a Medical Terminology test offered by the UToledo PA Program prior to matriculation. The test is taken at UToledo in the PA department. Candidates who choose to take the proficiency test and who do not pass the test, will be required to participate in a self-study program and retest or satisfactorily complete a medical terminology course at an accredited college or university on or before June 15th.
AP (Advanced Placement) or CLEP credits are not acceptable.
All prerequisite coursework identified above must be current within eight (8) years of admission to the program. For those who apply for entrance into the UToledo PA Program, all prerequisite coursework must have been completed eight years prior to enrollment in the fall of that particular year. For example, a student admitted for the PA class starting in Fall 2020 must have completed all prerequisites between Fall 2012 and June 15, 2020.
All prerequisites must be completed with a grade of "B-" or higher. For courses where separate grades are assigned for lecture and laboratory sections, the candidate must receive a grade of "B-" or higher for BOTH the lecture and lab.
For applicants enrolled at institutions that use a quarter system, credit hours are converted such that five (5) quarter hours = three (3) semester hours.
For applicants enrolled at institutions that use a combined letter grading scale (such as "AB" or "BC"), the only accepted grades are "A", "AB", or "B". Receiving a grade of "BC" does not meet the minimum grade requirement.
For applicants enrolled at institutions that use a point system for course grades, a 3.0 or higher is acceptable. Any grade lower than 3.0 is not acceptable.
Preference will be given to applicants who at any time have earned a "B-" or higher in any of the following additional advanced healthcare and science-related undergraduate or graduate courses, including but not limited to: immunology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, endocrinology, neuroanatomy, neurobiology, physics or higher level chemistry, biochemistry, genetics, microbiology, or mathematics courses.
Formal healthcare experience, shadowing of PAs or other healthcare providers, or patient contact hours are not required.
Prior to matriculation, candidates must present evidence that they are currently trained in basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) according to American Heart Association standards (CPR training from other organizations will not be accepted). The Basic Life Support (BLS) training must be maintained throughout the program of study.
The University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences value added groups (current Ohio residents, graduates of The University of Toledo, non-traditional, underrepresented in medicine and veterans) are given some degree of preference.
The UToledo PA Program does not provide advanced placement or advanced standing for any students.
Admission Selection Process
Candidates for interviews will be selected from those with completed applications (both CASPA and UToledo PA Supplemental Application and Prerequisite Form) who meet the minimum entrance requirements and have completed or have a plan to complete all prerequisites by June 15 of the enrollment year. Candidates selected for interviews will be notified via email starting in September. Interviews will be conducted starting in September and will go through December. We are now offering rolling admissions.
The selection process is highly competitive and merely meeting minimum entrance requirements does not guarantee an interview or admission to the program. There are many factors involved in the selection process, including but not limited to cumulative undergraduate or completed graduate grade point average, cumulative science grade point average, personal experiences, writing sample, recommendation letters, familiarity with the PA profession and the University, oral communication skills, professionalism, problem solving, and teamwork.
Based on a point scoring system with holistic consideration of each candidate, the Admissions Committee may recommend one of the following:
- Acceptance: Candidates with the highest scores (based on the candidate's completed CASPA application and interviews) will be recommended to the UToledo College of Graduate Studies for acceptance. The number of candidates recommended for acceptance will be determined annually by the PA Program class size. Following interviews, candidates are informed of acceptance by the end of April. An applicant may receive conditional acceptance, as described below.
- Alternate/Wait List: Individuals who interviewed but did not receive an offer of a seat in the class may be placed on an alternate list until the class is filled. Immediately following interviews, and the initial selection, candidates are placed on the alternate list and subsequently selected when a seat is declined. This will occur beginning in January and usually by completed by the end of July. Candidates not admitted from the alternate list must reapply if they wish to be considered for the following year.
- Non-Acceptance: Candidates not accepted will be notified via email. Candidates who are not accepted are informed at the end of the selection of candidates beginning July 1. Candidates wishing to be considered for the following year must reapply.
Admission Under "Conditional" Status
An applicant must complete the general admission requirements specified above. Circumstances which may result in a conditional admission include:
> An applicant with a Bachelor's degree in progress (must be completed by June 15). An official transcript with the degree posted must be received prior to matriculation into the program.
> An applicant who has any prerequisite courses to complete at the time of application may be admitted with conditional status, with a clear understanding that remaining prerequisites must be satisfactorily (grade of B- or higher) completed by June 15th for matriculation into the Program. Official transcripts or other appropriate documentation will be required.
Note: Government subsidized financial aid is not available for those students admitted under conditional status.
Technical Standards for Admission
Our objective is to increase the opportunities for persons with disabilities, while maintaining the expectation that all students achieve the goals of the Program. The technical standards for admission establish the expectations and abilities considered essential for students admitted to the Physician Assistant Program in order to achieve the level of competency required for graduation and ultimately practice as a physician assistant. All students admitted to the PA Program are expected to be able to demonstrate the following abilities:
- must have the mental capacity to assimilate and learn a large amount of complex, technical and detailed information, to solve clinical problems, and synthesize and apply concepts and information from various disciplines in order to formulate diagnostic and therapeutic plans;
- must have the ability to maintain composure and emotional stability during periods of high stress;
- must have the ability to communicate effectively and sensitively with patients from different social and cultural backgrounds and develop effective professional rapport with patients and co-workers;
- must have the ability to record examination and diagnostic results clearly, accurately, and efficiently;
- must have adequate sensory function to fulfill minimum competency objectives for palpation, percussion, and auscultation necessary to perform a physical examination;
- must possess sufficient postural control, neuromuscular control, and eye-to-hand coordination to use standard medical/surgical instruments and possess sufficient control of the upper extremities to meet the physical requirements for training and for performing a safe physical examination;
- are expected to learn and perform common diagnostic and therapeutic procedures (e.g., blood drawing, suturing) and interpret the results;
- are expected to have the degree of coordination of motor skills necessary to respond to emergency situations quickly and appropriately.
Candidates are urged to ask questions about the program's technical standards for clarification and to determine whether they can meet the requirements with or without reasonable accommodations. Questions may be directed to the Program Director or Office of Student Services. Revealing a disability is voluntary; however, such disclosure is necessary before any accommodations may be made in the learning environment or in the Program's procedures. Information about disabilities is handled in a confidential manner. Reasonable accommodations will be made to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act. These require program and institutional approval. Requests for accommodations must be submitted in writing, allowing sufficient time prior to matriculation for action on these requests pursuant to Policy 01061, Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability.
Individuals selected for admission to the program must undergo a general physical examination and provide evidence of up-to-date immunization prior to the start of classes in the first year and again just prior to the beginning of clinical rotations in the second year. In addition, students are required to maintain health insurance and liability insurance coverage if planning to practice, volunteer, or shadow outside of their student role. Further information is contained in the College of Graduate Studies Handbook and will be reviewed in detail at orientation.
In order to complete the Physician Assistant Program, a student must pass each course set forth in the Program's curriculum outline including satisfactory completion and defense of the Scholarly Project, and all program requirements. In addition, a student must be in good academic standing after completing the prescribed program with a minimum grade point average of 3.0, as required by the College of Graduate Studies.
The UToledo PA Program no longer offers a deceleration plan, however, we do offer in-course intervention and end of course remediation. Students with scores on exams or assignments below the passing grade throughout the course will be provided with in-course interventions (e.g. tutorial session, additional written assignments, etc.). At the end of the semester, students with a cumulative grade no more than 10 percentage points below the passing grade will be provided the opportunity for end of course remediation per the program policy.
To remain in good academic standing in the Physician Assistant Program, a student must be able to demonstrate the possession of:
· a current cumulative grade point index of at least 3.0
· satisfactory grades, successful completion of each clinical rotation, and completion of all Program requirements
Failure to achieve each criterion listed above shall be adequate grounds for the Program Director to recommend probation or dismissal from the Program for academic deficiencies.
No D or F grades will be permitted as a final grade in any course.
In the event a student earns less than an overall GPA of 3.0 at the end of a semester, the student will be placed on academic probation. The student’s progress will be reviewed each semester by the Student Progress Committee. The student may be restored to good academic standing by attaining a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or greater.
Students must pass the didactic courses with a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0 before transitioning into the clinical portion of the program.
The Student Progress Committee shall consider recommending dismissal of a student from the Program to the Program Director on grounds of academic deficiencies if that student does one or more of the following:
· fails (earns a grade of "D or F") in a Program course
· fails to achieve a cumulative GPA of 3.0 after one semester on academic probation
· fails remediation in any course
Recommendations of the Program Director will be rendered to the Dean of the COMLS. Decisions of the Dean will be sent to the student in writing.
Students who are unable to meet Program requirements and are dismissed may reapply. Applicants must follow the stated application procedures to be considered for re-admission. Applicants for re-admission are evaluated, once annually, along with new applicants.
|ANAT 5000||Anatomy for Physician Assist||5|
|PHSL 5050||Human Physiology||3|
|PHYA 5010||Introduction to PA Profession||1|
|PHYA 5100||Principle Interview/Medical History||3|
|PHYA 5140||Health Care Teams and Systems||2|
|PHYA 6010||Basic Genetics||1|
|PHYA 5130||Patient Evaluation||3|
|PHYA 5210||Diagnostic and Therapeutic Skills I||2|
|PHYA 5310||Clinical Medicine I||4|
|PHYA 5400||Pathophysiology I||2|
|PHYA 5510||Fundamentals of Pharmacology I||2|
|PHYA 6050||Ethics for PA Profession||2|
|PHYA 5220||Diagnostic and Therapeutic Skills II||1|
|PHYA 5340||Clinical Medicine II||3|
|PHYA 5410||Pathophysiology II||2|
|PHYA 5520||Fundamentals of Pharmacology II||2|
|PHYA 6110||Health Promo Disease Prevention||1|
|PHYA 5230||Diagnostic and Therapeutic Skills III||2|
|PHYA 5330||Clinical Medicine III||6|
|PHYA 5430||Pathophysiology III||1|
|PHYA 5530||Fundamentals of Pharmacology III||2|
|PHYA 6130||Principle of Research and Statistics||2|
|PHYA 6150||Behavorial Science||2|
|PHYA 6310||Clinical Rotation I||2|
|PHYA 6320||Clinical Rotation II||2|
|PHYA 6330||Clinical Rotation III||2|
|PHYA 6500||Introduction to Clinical Practice||1|
|PHYA 6610||Scholarly Project I||1|
|PHYA 6340||Clinical Rotation IV||2|
|PHYA 6350||Clinical Rotation V||2|
|PHYA 6620||Scholarly Project II||1|
|PHYA 6360||Clinical Rotation VI||2|
|PHYA 6370||Clinical Rotation VII||2|
|PHYA 6380||Clinical Rotation VIII||2|
|PHYA 6630||Scholarly Project III||1|
The revised program is pending review.