Degree Requirements

The College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics offers both Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. Requirements differ based on degree as indicated below.

A. Grade Point Averages

A cumulative grade point average (GPA) reflects all grades earned, including grades of F and grades in repeated courses. Candidates must earn a minimum overall cumulative GPA of C (that is, a 2.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale) for all UT course work. In addition, candidates must earn a minimum cumulative GPA of C in the major, minors (optional) and UT General Education, with the grades of all courses attempted at all institutions included in the GPA calculation. Some programs require a higher GPA in the major. For example, BS Chemistry, BS Biochemistry, and BS Geology require a 2.5 GPA. Criteria governing this policy are given in the Undergraduate Policy 3364-71-07: GPA Recalculation: http://www.utoledo.edu/policies/academic/undergraduate/pdfs/3364-71-07 Repeating a course and recalculation of GPA.pdf.

B. Residency Requirement

Students transferring from other institutions must earn at least 30 hours of credit at The University of Toledo; at least 12 of these must be in the major area, and for students pursuing a minor, at least 9 hours must be earned at The University of Toledo. Full-time students must take their last semester, and part-time students their last 12 hours, in residence, unless alternative arrangements have been made in advance with the Dean of the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics.

C. Credit Hours and Levels

  1. Students must complete a minimum of 120 hours of course work that must include the University General Education and college skill area and distributive requirements, and either major and course work related to the major, or an interdisciplinary program. Individual programs may require more than 120 hours of coursework to complete.
  2. In all baccalaureate programs, a minimum of 64 hours must be taken at the 2000 to 4000 levels; of these a minimum of 32 hours must be taken at the 3000 to 4000 levels.
  3. Students are cautioned to make use of their degree audit and review remaining requirements with their adviser before every registration in order to make progress toward completion of their requirements in an orderly, timely manner. Insofar as a student can complete the basic courses and the courses required for a chosen major (as outlined in sections E - J below) in fewer than the 120 hours required for a degree, the student must choose elective courses to complete the total of 120 hours, subject to the restrictions outlined below.

D. Credit Restrictions

Total earned hours shown on a student’s transcript may not all be applicable to the minimum 120 credits required for a degree, as follows:

  1. Students with entrance deficiencies in mathematics and other students who are required or choose to take developmental course work will need to complete additional hours.
  2. No courses in typing, shorthand or keyboarding will apply toward the degree.
  3. No more than two hours in skill courses in physical education or recreation courses at the 1000 level will apply toward the degree.
  4. No more than two hours in Student Leadership Development I and II will apply toward the degree.
  5. Duplicate credit – except for courses identified as repeatable courses, students will not receive credit for repeated courses (taking the same course twice), whether taken at The University of Toledo or elsewhere.
  6. The college reserves the right to deny credit for other specific courses (including most SKLS courses) and for blanket technical credit not applicable to a student’s specific program.

E. University General Education Requirements

Students earning baccalaureates in all colleges and programs are required to complete 36 credit hours of courses that comprise the General Education Curriculum. Those courses are distributed in the areas of English composition, humanities/fine arts, social sciences, natural sciences and mathematics, and multicultural studies courses. Students should view their Degree Audit Report or contact their academic department or college office for specific details.

F. Natural Sciences and Mathematics Skill Area Requirements

Students are placed into mathematics courses by ACT scores or placement tests in those subjects. Students are placed into foreign language courses through placement testing.

1. Orientation
NSM 1000Natural Sciences & Mathematics 12
2. English Composition 2
Select one of the following tracks:6
a. Native speakers track (for students for whom English is a first language)
College Composition I
College Composition 1 Co-Requisite
Select one of the following:
College Composition II: Academic Disciplines And Discourse
Science And Technical Report Writing
Professional and Business Writing
b. Non-native speakers track (for students for whom English is a second language) 3
Writing And Grammar For Students Of English As A Second Language
College Composition I (ESL section)
Select one of the following:
College Composition II: Academic Disciplines And Discourse
Science And Technical Report Writing
Professional and Business Writing
3. Mathematics 4
Select one of the following tracks:3-8
a. Bachelor of Arts (BA)
Select one of the following:
College Algebra
College Algebra And Trigonometry
Introduction To Statistics
Statistics for Applied Science (or higher Math)
b. Bachelor of Science (BS)
Select one of the following calculus sequences:
Calculus For The Life Sciences With Applications I
and Calculus For The Life Sciences With Applications II
Calculus I For Mathematicians, Scientists And Educators
and Calculus II For Mathematicians, Scientists And Educators
Single Variable Calculus I
and Single Variable Calculus II
4. Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) Requirement
Select two writing intensive courses approved by adviser 56
5. Natural Sciences/Mathematics
Select 2-3 courses based on degree as indicated: 66-9
a. Bachelor of Arts (BA)
Select two science/mathematics courses from two different departments outside of the student’s major 7
b. Bachelor of Science (BS)
Select three science/mathematics courses from three different departments outside of the student’s major 7
6. Cultural Experience (BA Requirement Only)
Select 0 to 8 hours foreign language or one semester of Study Abroad 80-8
Total Hours23-39

G. Natural Sciences and Mathematics Distributive Requirements

(Bachelor of Arts (BA) requirement only, not required for Bachelor of Science (BS))

Students should consult with their advisors in selecting courses that will meet distributive requirements. With their advisor’s approval, students may select higher-level courses for which they have the prerequisites. With careful planning, students will be able to satisfy UT General Education Curriculum and College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics requirements by taking the minimum required hours. A student may take no more than two courses under each departmental code in satisfying the distributive requirements.

1. Humanities and Fine Arts Required Courses 1
English Literature
Select 3 hours of English Literature3
History
Select 3 hours of history3
Fine Arts
Select 3 hours of Fine Arts from appreciation or theory courses, not studio or skills courses3
Electives
Select 6 hours of electives. Among the courses with minimal or no prerequisites are as follows: 26
Art In History
Classical Humanities
Comm Principles And Practices
Mass Communication And Society
Reading Fiction
Reading Drama
Reading Poetry
Introduction To Film
Culture And Commerce In The French-Speaking World
French & Francophone Culture In The Modern World
German Culture And Commerce
Introduction To Modern German Culture
HIST 1000 - HIST 1200
Japanese Culture And Commerce
Introduction To Japanese Culture
Music Theory For The Non-Major
Introduction To Music
History Of Jazz
History Of Rock And Roll
Musical Diversity In The United States
Cultures And Music Of Non-Western Styles
Introduction To Logic
Critical Thinking
Introduction To Philosophy
Contemporary Moral Problems
World Religions
Introduction To Religion
Culture & Commerce In The Spanish-Speaking World
Culture Of Latin America
Culture Of Spain
Acting for Non Majors
Introduction To Theatre
2. Social Sciences
Select 9 hours of social science courses. Among the courses with minimal or no prerequisites are as follows: 39
Introduction To Anthropology
Introduction To Archaeology
Cultural Anthropology
African American Culture
Introduction To Economic Issues
Principles Of Macroeconomics
Principles Of Microeconomics
Human Geography
Environmental Geography
American National Government
Current International Problems
Principles Of Psychology
Introduction To Sociology
Total Hours24

H. Major Area

Every student must complete either a departmental major or an interdisciplinary major. Courses given in other colleges of the University may be credited to the major only with the approval of the Dean of the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics upon recommendation of the department Chair. Waiver of a required course or the substitution of a course from another department does not necessarily reduce the minimum credits required in the major.

  1. Departmental Major

     
    • See the complete list of departmental majors under “Degrees Offered” in the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics section of this catalog.
    • The minimum number of semester hours a student must complete for a departmental major is 34 hours. A student may have two majors from two different departments provided the requirements of both programs are satisfied. Work in the second major may be accepted as fulfilling the related course requirement upon the approval of the advisers in both departments. A student cannot use courses from the first major to satisfy the second and vice-versa. See section on “Earning a Second Degree” for statement on requirements when two or more desired major programs are offered as different degrees.
  2. Interdisciplinary Majors

    • The College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics offers an interdisciplinary major in that leads to a Bachelor of Science in General  Studies.  General  studies  is  an  interdisciplinary  program that  allows  students  to  select  an  area  of  concentration  and  related  course  work  not  offered  in  traditional majors. Students who plan to pursue graduate or professional degree programs or enter certain employment areas that require established curricular backgrounds may find it to their advantage to consider existing majors offered within the college rather than the general studies option. Students seeking admission to this program will be interviewed  by  an advisor in  the  College  Student  Services  Office  and  must  have  sound  reasons  for  their choice. Once accepted into the program, students must have their programs approved by the general studies advisor. Under  this  program,  the  University  and  college  general  education  requirements  specified  in  the  Degree Requirements  section  of  this  catalog  must  be  fulfilled,  and  an  area  of  concentration  in  the  natural  sciences, social  sciences  or  humanities  must  be  identified  for  the  purpose  of  determining  education  requirements. In lieu of a major, students must take at least 16, but not more than 24 hours, of course work in a single department and 26 to 34 hours of cognate or related course work for a total of 50 hours. The transcript will identify the major as General Studies. A student completing a departmental major and a second major in an interdisciplinary or interdepartmental major cannot use courses from the first major to satisfy the second or vice- versa. See the complete list of interdisciplinary majors under “Degrees Offered” in the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics section of this catalog.

I. Related Courses

Every student who chooses a departmental major and students in some interdisciplinary majors also must complete courses related to the major. These courses must be in addition to courses taken to fulfill the basic requirements listed above. For BA degree programs the minimum number of major and related area courses is 58 hours. For BS degree programs the minimum number of major and related area courses is 64 hours. Each department defines the areas from which courses may be chosen by its majors, and these listings are given in the later sections of this catalog under Programs of Study. For most programs, related courses must be chosen from courses acceptable for credit in a College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics major. Generally, these are upper-level courses.

Courses given in other colleges of the University may be credited to the major or to related courses only if indicated in later sections of the this catalog under Programs of Study or with the approval of the Dean of the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics upon recommendation of the department Chair.

J. Minors

Many College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics departments offer minors. Departmental requirements for particular minors are given in later sections of the catalog under Programs of Study. Students wishing to pursue minors should consult with their primary program advisor and then with an advisor in Student Services office. Not all minors can be added to all degree programs. Courses selected for the minor must be chosen from courses acceptable for credit toward a major in that department. In meeting requirements for some majors, work in the minor may be accepted as fulfilling the required hours of related courses, but only with the approval of the student’s major advisor. Students completing a minor must be sure that at least 12 credit hours of the minor requirements are unique to that minor, and are not being used to satisfy requirements in the major or another minor. No more than six hours of courses taken for minor credit may be applied to the total College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics distributive requirements. A minimum GPA of 2.0 is required in the minor. Students must complete a minimum of 21 hours for a minor; at least nine of those hours must be completed at The University of Toledo.